Caen figures prominently in the Battle of Normandy.  Originally, British and Canadian forces expected to take Caen on D-Day.  However, the 21st Panzer Division stopped them short of the city by only a few miles.  Subsequent allied ground offensive operations from June until early July failed in their objective to capture Caen from the Germans.   It wasn’t taken until July 9, a full month later than planned, and only after extensive allied bombing which destroyed much of the city.  Despite allied leaflet droppings warning French civilians of pending attacks, the majority of Caen’s 60,000 inhabitants remained, and, as a consequence, hundreds died from the bombing raids.

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